Monday, May 25, 2020
The Privacy Act of 1974 is intended to protect Americans against invasions of their personal privacy through the misuse of information about them collected and maintained by the federal government agencies. The Privacy Act controls what information can be legally collected and how that information is collected, maintained, used, and disseminated by the agencies in the executive branch of the federal government. Only information stored in a Ã¢â¬Å"system of recordsÃ¢â¬ as defined by the Privacy Act are covered. As defined in the Privacy Act, a system of records is Ã¢â¬Å"a group of any records under the control of any agency from which information is retrieved by the name of the individual or by some identifying number, symbol, or other identifying particular assigned to the individual.Ã¢â¬ According to the U.S. Department of Justice, the Privacy Act can be characterized as an all-encompassing Ã¢â¬Å"code of fair information practicesÃ¢â¬ regulating how the federal executive branch agencies collect, maintain, use, and release AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ personal information. However, the Privacy ActÃ¢â¬â¢s often vague language and limited history of enforcement make it difficult to understand and apply. In addition, many early legal cases involving Privacy Act questions were decided by district courts and are thus unpublished. The Department of Justice anticipates that further litigation will continue to interpret and solidify the intent and application of the Privacy Act.Ã Your Rights Under the Privacy Act The Privacy Act guarantees Americans three primary rights. These are: The right to see the records about them held by the government, subject to Privacy Act exemptions;The right to request that the records be changed to ensure that they are accurate, relevant, timely or complete; andThe right to be protected against unwarranted or illegal invasions of their privacy resulting from the collection, maintenance, use, and disclosure of their personal information. Where the Information Comes From It is a rare individual who has managed to keep at least some of their personal information from being stored in a government database. Doing just about anything will get your name and numbers recorded. Here are just few examples: Getting a Social Security cardGetting a paycheckFiling a tax returnRegistering for the draftServing in the militaryApplying for Social Security or other federal benefitsWorking or contracting for the federal government Information You Can Request The Privacy Act does not apply to all government information or agencies. Only executive branch agencies fall under the Privacy Act. In addition, you may only request information or records that can be retrieved by your name, Social Security Number, or some other personal identifier. For example: You cannot request information regarding your participation in a private club or organization unless the agency indexes and can retrieve the information by your name or other personal identifiers. As with the Freedom of Information Act, the agencies can withhold certain information exempted under the Privacy Act. Examples include information concerning national security or criminal investigations. Another commonly used Privacy Act exemption protects records that might identify an agencys source of confidential information. For Example: If you apply for a job in the CIA, you would probably not be allowed to find out the names of people the CIA interviewed in regard to your background. Exemptions and requirements of the Privacy Act are more complicated than those of the Freedom of Information Act. You should seek legal assistance if necessary. How to Request Privacy Information Under the Privacy Act, all U.S. citizens and aliens with legal permanent residence (green card) status are allowed to request personal information held on them. As with Freedom of Information Act requests, each agency handles its own Privacy Act requests. Each agency has a Privacy Act Officer, whose office should be contacted for Privacy Act information requests. The agencies are required to at least tell you whether they have information on you or not. Most federal agencies also have links to their specific Privacy and FOIA Act instructions on their websites. This information will tell you what types of data the agency collects on individuals, why they need it, what they do with it, and how you can get it. While some agencies may allow for Privacy Act requests to be made online, requests can also be made by regular mail. Send a letter addressed to the Privacy Officer or agency head. To speed handling, clearly mark Privacy Act Request on both the letter and the front of the envelope. Heres a sample letter: DatePrivacy Act RequestAgency Privacy or FOIA Officer [or Agency Head]Name of Agency or Component|AddressDear ____________:Under the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. subsection 552, and the Privacy Act, 5 U.S.C. subsection 552a, I am requesting access to [identify the information you want in complete detail and state why you believe the agency has the information about you.]If there are any fees for searching or copying these records, please inform me before filling my request. [or, Please send me the records without informing me of the cost unless the fees exceed $______, which I agree to pay.]If you deny any or all of this request, please cite each specific exemption you feel justifies the refusal to release the information and notify me of appeal procedures available to me under the law.[Optionally: If you have any questions about this request, you may contact me by telephone at ______ (home phone) or _______ (office phone).]Sincerely,NameAddress What Will it Cost The Privacy Act allows agencies to charge no more than their costs for copying the information for you. They cannot charge for researching your request. How Long it Will Take? The Privacy Act places no time limits on the agencies to respond to information requests. Most agencies try to respond within 10 working days. If you have not received a reply within a month, send the request again and enclose a copy of your original request. What to Do if the Information is Wrong If you think the information the agency has on you is wrong and should be changed, write a letter addressed to the agency official who sent the information to you. Include the exact changes you think should be made along with any documentation you have that backs up your claim. Agencies have 10 working days to notify you of receipt of your request and to inform you if they need further proof or details of the changes from you. If the agency grants you request, they will inform you of exactly what they will do to amend the records. What to Do if Your Request is Denied If the agency denies your Privacy Act request (either to supply or change information), they will advise you in writing of their appeal process. You can also take your case to federal court and be awarded court costs and attorneys fees if you win.
Friday, May 15, 2020
LEADERSHIP: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction: The personality traits of a good leader have a somewhat diverse focus. It is mainly concerned with the leaders attitude towards the team. Therefore, considerate qualities are a significant element of the personality traits of a good leader. Leaders need to be faithful and sincere. They should be able to care about their workers on both a personal and professional level. A leader has to develop diverse response in order to cope with crisis management. Aims Objectives: The aim and objective of this literature review was to highlight the important aspects of the Trait Theory of Leadership and to review its application in the modern day organizational leaders for example, managers and supervisors. Findings: The personality traits of a good leader have a somewhat diverse focus. It is mainly concerned with the leaders attitude towards the team. Workers can trust faithful and sincere leader especially when they have a job to do. Fairness, equality, honesty and intelligence are some of the most important traits in any leader. Leader should be trained to rise above other peoples difficulties when conveying a message. One study proposed that people compose their reflected best-self portrait through social experiences that draw on intra psychic and interpersonal resources. The trait theory of leadership is founded on the traits of numerous successful and unsuccessful leaders and is employed to forecast leadership efficiency.Show MoreRelatedThe Role Of Desirable Personality Traits On The Formation Of A Good Leader1610 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Not surprisingly, a leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s personality is a major component of how he leads his subordinates and his success in such an endeavor. To make a diffic ult task more even more intricate, leadership involves interacting with individuals ranging from a few to a few hundred strong, all with personalities and circumstances in life equally complex as the leader himself. Despite the odds against them, stories of excellent leaders are ubiquitous and consist of many different types of people doing the leadingRead MorePersonality Traits And Traits Characteristics Traits1691 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA leaders traits display certain personality traits, these traits are developed from the theories of leadership, and it is used to determine what personality an individual have. There are many approaches to leadership theories, starting with attributes and traits, also physical and personalityÃ¢â¬â¢s traits characteristics, competencies and values. A Leader Traits mainly focuses on behavior effectiveness, Traits theory concentrates the personality of a person, it help to understand the differences andRead MorePersonality Traits as Sufficient Meas urements of Leadership980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPersonality Traits Sufficient Measurements Leadership Name Institutional Affiliation Date: Personality Traits Sufficient Measurements Leadership Researchers have focused their efforts towards the link between effectiveness of leaders and personality traits. They tend to reach a consensus indicating that the effectiveness of a leader is established by her/his personality traits. In this context, the performance and success of leaders is measured by personality traits. Organizations use differentRead MoreTrait Theory Of Leadership And Leadership1405 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Trait Theory of Leadership Cassie Hale Arkansas State University Trait Theory of Leadership Introduction The topic of leadership is historically one of the most widely researched when it comes to explorations of organizational behavior. The success of any institution or organization is pegged on the quality of its leadership because it is the determining factor on the pattern and speed at which it achieves its growth goals. Leaders are responsible for steering an organization towardRead MoreLeadership Theories, Approaches, And Philosophies1172 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLeadership Theory: Trait Approach to Leadership After reading and sitting through class discussion, I have learned a lot of leadership theories, approaches, and philosophies. The one that stuck out most to me was the, Trait Approach, because it is a great place to being your leadership journey, it can be developed or honed, and it has worked well in my life. The Trait Approach is a leader-focused approach. After years of broad studies and many lists of traits shown by leaders there was finally aRead MoreThe Trait Theory Of Leadership1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTrait Theory of Leadership Introduction The topic of leadership is historically one of the most widely researched when it comes to explorations of organizational behavior. The success of any institution or organization is pegged on the quality of its leadership because it is the determining factor on the pattern and speed at which it achieves its growth goals. Leaders are responsible for steering an organization toward its goal by mobilizing resources (both human and material) and maximizing theirRead MoreThe Theory Of Leadership And Leadership978 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswhich depends on the effectiveness of a leader; the specific personality characteristics, physical, and social traits that set leaders apart from followers; and the characteristic of a servant leader. It also gives insight to biblical integration of the concepts and the strategies for implementing the concepts within the organization. Group Consensus TheNature of Leadership Leadership is in an echelon above management in that there is almost an aura about a leader that compels followers to want the sameRead MoreStrengths And Weaknesses Of Trait Theory1266 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Trait theory was one of the first leadership theories that researchers attempted to research and study. It was an important question at the time, what traits so good leaders have. It gained relevance at this time due to researchers wanting to understand what was different about the political and military leaders during this time period. This paper will first describe the origins and approach of trait theory. Following will be a discussion on the perspective and emphasis the approachRead MoreLeadership Traits Essay example694 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesLeadership Traits As a growing debate, the question at hand is whether great leaders are born with specific leadership traits, or if one can be taught certain traits over time. According to (Wikipedia.com) the approach of listing leadership qualities, often termed trait theory of leadership, assumes certain traits or characteristics will tend to lead to effective leadership. I believe that leadership traits such as honest, competent, initiative, inspiring, hardworking, intelligent, and the abilityRead MoreHow Does The Dark Side Derail Careers And Companies?1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAbstract Everyone has their unique personality, but some have suggested that there are two sides to personality: the bright side and the dark side. Does the personality of the dark side derail careers and companies? But wait, letÃ¢â¬â¢s take Steve Jobs as an example, everyone knows he lead Apple and is one of the greatest minds of this generation. However, he did not donate his vast wealth to good causes, unlike other rich people, such as Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg. He even shut down AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s charity
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Throughout this semester we have read and discussed instructional leadership styles on what to do and what not to do. We have also applied these styles during in-class scenario sessions. During the last few weeks we have focused on the evaluation process of instructional leadership. Whether you are a teacher, nurse, military personnel, or janitor, you will have formal evaluations throughout your career, but few of us truly understand and become proficient at the process. Thus, DiPaola and Hoy (2014) discuss in chapter eight why, how, and what we evaluate personnel on, while chapter nine discusses the actual process of conducting evaluations. Upon graduating nursing school in 2006, I joined the United States Navy. I was not a priorÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This duty entailed assigning patients to staff according to their skill level, managing doctorsÃ¢â¬â¢ orders, new admits and discharges, and keeping my senior leadership abreast of all matters. This first leadership position, as charge nurse, greatly aided in my future position as the division officer of the multi-service ward (MSW) at Naval Hospital Rota, Spain. As a division officer I was directly in charge of eight nurses and ten corpsman. Some of my responsibilities were staffing, patient safety and satisfaction, career development for all staff members, and yearly evaluations. Had I had DiPaola and HoyÃ¢â¬â¢s (2014) text back then, my job as a division officer would have been significantly easier. DiPaola and Hoy (2014) state on page 187, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦the overall purposes of personnel evaluation are accountability and professional growth leading to student learning.Ã¢â¬ While as a division officer, I was not concerned about student learning, I was concerned with accountability of staff skills, professional growth, and staff and patient learning. Had I been equipped with the knowledge of how to set up evaluations, according to the evaluation cycle discussed by DiPaola and Hoy (2014) on page 186, I believe the evaluation part of my job would have been less burdensome. Within the Navy, we are required to submit yearly evaluations and are highly encouraged to conduct a mid-cycle counseling meeting to ensure staff members are where they need and want to be
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Genetics and Biochemistry of Anthocyanin. Answer: Introduction: Apple is one of the most tree crops grown all over the world categorized in subfamily of Maloideae. This plant takes time to grow from the juvenile stage to a mature plant. This period is quite long for commercial farmers taking around four to eight years to fully develop and bear fruits. Growth and development of plant highly depend on a number of genetic factors. Different genes have different effects at various stages of apple plant life especially during floral stage. The context of the paper therefore discuss various genes with their effects during flowering time in an apple plant. It further explains how these genes control flowering process. Apple tree crops are grown from seeds but genetic sequence alteration through grafting can also be used to transfer genes from one specie to another controlling flowering. Apple plants are functionally diploids having diploid and sizable genome therefore easy to study. Flowering and bud formation is biological process involving formation of genes and gamete formation. The aim of the discuses presumable roles and effect of these genes during apple flowering. The analysis of the effects of the genes from different sources as bellow. The identification of flowering genes in apple plant involves the analysis of cases. The studies on the Arabidopsis simplifies the identification of the genes controlling flowering. The flowering genes obtained from various sources to aid the transition. Apple Malus sylvestris var.domestica AP1 (MdAp1) gene. The homologous QTL as well as the apple Floricaula according to the study were obtained and isolated from the cv Jonathan. The exploitation of identical gene sequence from the identical genetic box assisted in the isolation of MdMADS55 from granny Smith apple. There are several genes have effect to adaptation of apple in relation to the temperature and hot environmental conditions. According to the detection and putative candidate genes as discussed by Alix Allard, Macro C.A.M and others. The candidate detecting QTL genes in the outbreak and flowering time in apple plant. The study conducted in the multiparental population. Various apple in these hot temperature areas had their genes determined using the responsible full sib apple families. The quantitative trait locus technique was used by the genetic scientists to extract best linear models. According to the studies the various progenitors allele which were more favorable to warm climate were observed. The aim of the Alard et al. study was further to map the QTL bud phenology to the HR. The mapping of the genes is conducted through a multifamily and pedigree system of analysis. Various candidate genes related to the DAM genes and genotypes useful in flowering were studied. The genetic relationship between the genes and flowering has been revealed according to the analysis. LG7, LG6, LG9, LG10 and LG12 are the gene loci determined to assist with the flowering control in the apple plants in the warm areas. The loci mentioned are present after mounting DAM genes (AGL24, FT and FLC) on the A. thaliana. To vividly acquire various genes responsible for flowering control the localization of MdFT1 and MdFT2 on a linkage map. According to the analysis of molecular characterization of apple flowering locus by academicians Nobuhiro Koboda and Hiroshi Iwanami and others. This is done through Arabidopsis as already mentioned. The process of Arabidopsis in woody plants such as apple utilizes two pathway signal of transduction. The pathways are transmitted through Arabidopsis genes which contain FT family, s Arabidopsis Thaliana Centroradialis, (ACT) Brother of FT and TFL1 (BTF), Mother of FT and TFL1 (MTF) and the Twin Sister of Ft (TSF) as revealed in the reference. The process is justify the function of the mentioned in the Arabidopsis gene by binding the apple family genes using phosphatidylethanolamine. After the Arabidopsis process apple FT gene was identified as one the genes hindering floral development in plants controlling its early development. This happens to the inhibition nature of the gene to mutate to ft to ft1. The Arabidopsis techniques used also approve the influence of gene on horticultural flowering. To approve how this happens FT gene from a transgenic plant was induced to a flowering apple. After the induction of the genetic factors from the heterogeneous plant to the apple plant, several large flowers were observed. The FT gene from the heterogeneous plant replicated producing an orthodolog MdTFL1. The aim of this process is to investigate the effect of FT and FTL1 family to floral process in apple plants. Another technique used in the essay to identify the effect and role of genes in controlling flowering process in the apple plant is through the study of overexpression of MdFT1. This kind of expression happens on the endogenous genes. The endogenous genes play a role in the floral process of an apple plant. Genetic overexpression results into broad and open flowers indicating how various genes affect flowering in apple plant as further discussed in the subsequent section as follows. In the study carried out by Kotoda et al. it focused on identifying the genes that regulate flowering times in apple. The study used two flowering locus T (FT)-like genes of apple (Malus X domestica) Borkh.), MdFT1 alongside MdFT2. These two were isolated and subsequently isolated and then mapped in that order on separate linkage groups (LGs) with partial homoeology, LG 12 together with LG 4. It was recognized that the pattern of expression for MdFT1 and MdFT2 varied. The MdFT1 mainly got expressed in apical buds of a fruit-bearing shoots in the adult stage. It had little expression in the juvenile tissues. Conversely, MdFT2 mainly expressed in the reproductive organs (young fruits and flower fruits). It was also detected that the two genes had a potential of inducing early flowering. The reason for this was given that transgenic Arabidopsis expressed in MdFT1 or MdFT2 flowered early compared to wild-type plants. MdFT1 overexpression conferred precious flowering in apple alongside changed expression of endogenous genes like MdMADS12 thereby indicating that MdfT1 can function to promote flowering via the expression of endogamous genes. It was also clear that other genes potentially play essential role in regulating flowering in apple. Thus this study was significance to develop methods to shorten the juvenile period in a range of fruits trees such as apple. In the research paper done by Guitton et al., the sole purpose was to investigate genetic control of the biennial bearing in apple. It held that floral induction is strongly prevented by simultaneous fruiting resulting in a trend of irregular fruiting called biennial bearing. The authors investigated the biennial bearing in apple based on 114 flowering individuals. Genomic regions containing the floral integrator genes, meristem identity genes as well as gibberellin oxidase genes were co-located with QTLs. It was found out that flowering genes remained less probably to be responsible for biennial bearing compared to hormone-link genes. 6 From the study, new hypothesis for biennial bearing control emerged from QTL as well as gene co-locations. In the study conducted by Perini et al.7 the purpose was to choose the best genes to be utilized as reference genes for transcriptional examination of flowering as well as ripening stages of fruit apple. 7 Apple tree fruit aided the comparison of gene expression profiles from various tissues, cultivars as well as conditions to enable effective comprehension of gene expression alterations for significant silvicultural as well as nutritional traits. It was concluded that SAND, MDH, WD40, TMp1 and THFS remained the best reference genes to normalize accurately the relative transcript abundance based on RT-qPCR in a range of apple tissues. In the study conducted by Zhang et al.8 the authors sought out to understand the influence of GA3 alongside its inhibitor paclobutrazol on the formation of flowers, internal hormones as well as flowering-linked genes in the apple (Fuji). The Gibberellins is known to decrease rates of flowering but the mechanism through this effect takes place is unknown. 8 The investigators focused on gaining effective insight into gibberellins-regulated flowering. It was discovered that GA3 simulated vegetative growth as well as lagged floral induction. Significant GA3 spray affects endogenous hormones and all genes contents leading to reduction in a rise in GA content while ZR content declined at 44th day following full bloom (DAF) providing unfavorable factor for formation of flowers. The MdKO and MdGA20ox were repressed significantly by high GAS via negative feedback regulation of GA. GA also repressed MdSPLs while PAC, MdSOC1 and MdAP1 were promoted. It was recognized that DELLAS restrain the growth of the plant through the repression of downstream genes while the gibberellins enhance the growth by having DELLAS as their targets culminating in their degradation. In the study conducted by Alard et al. (2016), the authors sought to detect the QTLs as well as putative candidate genes taking part in the bud break as well as flowing time in multi-parental population of apple. The authors predicted that the homologous of primary flowering genes (FT) and AGL24 close to LG12 QTLs and LG9 while the dormancy Associated MADs-box (DAM) genes were close additional QTLs on LG15 and LG8. 9 It was, therefore, suggestive that the chilling perception mechanisms might be familiar among annual and perennial plants. Accordingly, progenitors that have favorable alleles based on trait as well as LG were recognized and hence might benefit new breeding mechanisms for the apple adaptation to temperature rise. Current Contribution From the five papers discussed and summarized, it is clear that the values of genetics in flowering regulation is significant. Both MdFT1 and MdFT2 have been shown to have the potential of inducing early flowering in apple. This is because transgenic Arabidopsis expressed in MdFT1 or MdFT2 flowered early compared to wild-type plants. MdFT1 overexpression provided precious flowering in apple alongside changed expression of endogenous genes like MdMADS12 thereby indicating that MdfT1 can function to promote flowering via the expression of endogamous genes. It is clear that other genes including WD40 and SAND potentially play essential role in regulating flowering in apple. The genes, therefore, can be manipulated to shorten the juvenile period in a range of fruits trees such as apple. Future From the above discussions, it is clear that much needs to be done to help understand the effects of genetics to flowering of plants. There is a need for a genome-broad selection models as a complementary approach to QTL examinations to undertake effective evaluation of the genetic value of individuals. The future studies should, therefore, focus on identification of particular best combination of three or two of these control genes to ensure sufficient normalization of the individual apple. The future investigations need to focus on gaining effective insight into gibberellins-regulated flowering to understand the mechanism used by gibberellins to reduce the flowering rates. There is a future need to advance the findings by Zhang et al.8 based on the report theory that DELLAS have the double role I their interactions with the transcription factors. It has been shown that DELLAS act both as activating or deactivating their targets. There is a need to recruit DELLAS by SPLs to promote the expression of AP1. This finding has provided a new insight into the interaction between SPLs and DELLA together with the how they take part in the regulation of flowering in apple in the future studies. The previous studies such as Perini et al.7 have recognized the significant role played by traditional housekeeping genes that are constitutive by the microarray data thereby giving potential references for gene expression in both reproductive and vegetative tissues alongside organs in apple. 10 The MDH, SAND and WD40 remains the most stable as well as suitable normalizes for all apple tissues expression. Limitations The limitation identified throughout the study is that even though Gibberellins is known to decrease rates of flowering, it is still unclear about the mechanism through this effect takes place. Even though the bud break timing has been studied by demonstrating a highly polygenic control of bud beak, it has not been closely related to the breeding context. This will help affirm whether many small effects of QTLs can contribute to the rise in the total variance explicated in previous study by Alard et al. (2016) as well as prediction robustness. This will be done through the summation of alleles effects alongside the genome so long as the marker density remains sufficiently high. References Sheldon CC, Rouse DT, Finnegan EJ, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES. The molecular basis of vernalization: the central role of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2000 Mar 28;97(7):3753-8. Weeden NF, Wendel JF. Genetics of plant isozymes. InIsozymes in plant biology 1989 (pp. 46-72). Springer Netherlands. Holton TA, Cornish EC. Genetics and biochemistry of anthocyanin biosynthesis. The Plant Cell. 1995 Jul;7(7):1071. Ohta S, Katsuki T, Tanaka T, Hayashi T, Sato YI, Yamamoto T. Genetic variation in flowering cherries (Prunus subgenus Cerasus) characterized by SSR markers. Breeding science. 2005;55(4):415-24. Kotoda et al. Molecular Characterization of FLOWERING LOCUS T Like Genes of Apple ( Malus domestica Borkh.) 2010 Febr 20. Guitton B, Kelner JJ, Velasco R, Gardiner SE, Chagne D, Costes E. Genetic control of biennial bearing in apple. Journal of Experimental Botany. 2011 Sep 30:err261 Perini P, Pasquali G, Margis-Pinheiro M, de Oliviera PR, Revers LF. Reference genes for transcriptional analysis of flowering and fruit ripening stages in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.). Molecular Breeding. 2014 Oct 1;34(3):829-42. Zhang S, Zhang D, Fan S, Du L, Shen Y, Xing L, Li Y, Ma J, Han M. Effect of exogenous GA 3 and its inhibitor paclobutrazol on floral formation, endogenous hormones, and flowering-associated genes in Fujiapple (Malus domestica Borkh.). Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 2016 Jun 3. Allard A, Bink MC, Martinez S, Kelner JJ, Legave JM, Di Guardo M, Di Pierro EA, Laurens F, Van de Weg EW, Costes E. Detecting QTLs and putative candidate genes involved in budbreak and flowering time in an apple multiparental population. Journal of experimental botany. 2016 Apr 1;67(9):2875-88. Sung SK, Yu GH, An G. Characterization of MdMADS2, a Member of theSQUAMOSA Subfamily of Genes, in Apple. Plant Physiology. 1999 Aug 1;120(4):969-78.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Blanching took classic ballet movements and combined them with many flashy American moves of the time. Born In 1904, Blanching was fortunate enough to grow up In a time lavish with beautiful jazz music. He choreographed a few Russian ballets with limited success, but in 1933 he came to America and his career took off. Blanching was fascinated with the American culture. He loved how so many people, all of different races, could come together and live happily.Blanching also fell in love with African-American culture, specifically their Jazz and dance moves. Blanching knew that he wanted to incorporate African-American dancers, Jazz USIA, and a Jazz choreography Into his ballet routines. Blanching wanted his dances to be Like the American culture: a diverse ethnicity of dancers dancing In part to this Jazzy new music. Besides jazz, Blanching also had a love for tap dancing.He enjoyed tap dancers quick, precise steps, and the complexity of the dance moves. We will write a custom essay sample on Balanchine influence or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He loved the series of intricate and complicated steps that had to be executed to perfection to create music. Blanching made sure to Inject his ballets with many tap dance moves, and many jazz dance moves. When watched a Blanching ballet, you can notice how quick many f the steps are, and how intricate the dance is. This is Balances love for tap dance coming out.You also see his dances rich with jazz dance moves. The dancers are often crouched down and waved their hands up and down. This is a very American move and classic Jazz dancing. You also see the dancers using lots of flat hands while they dance. This Is another classic Jazz move. Blanching pulled many things from the African American culture to shape his neo-classical form of ballet. Tap steps, jazz steps, and American culture all had great influence on his works over the years.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Future of E-Commerce essays Electronic commerce is changing the way to do business. Nowadays a lot of transactions are made through the Internet. Another important issue that will be discussed is the way mobile Internet can change the way we communicate and do business. Each countrys law control the transactions made through the Internet, besides there are international treaties policies that not allow some products to be commercialize. For instance, in Mexico, politicians are making a new Electronic Commerce law, because there was not regulations about it. The article also says that the culture will be diversified depending on nationality, ethnicity and religion. There are heaps of WebPages in Mexico that diversify the market. Some examples are: Talking about PCs and internet access US is the most advance country, therefore B-C has become popular because more peoples has computers and they have access to different sites, besides there are more internet education because it was the first country to have a rapid expansion. There are many obstacles in order to materialize e-Commerce. Many people do not trust in e-Commerce because they are afraid of frauds to their credit cards, cyber terrorist or viruses that can get into their computer. Besides, there is not Intellectual Property Right. Just a few Months ago Napster, a program to share mp3 music files went to court because the music companies sue napster because of the issues of copyright and Intellectual Property. There are plans in different governments to do legal transactions and buys without affecting a third part, but depends of every country. The US is experimenting all kind of problems because is the most advance nation in this aspect. If the countries want to meet these goals they require too much Research ...
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Economics - Case Study Example To earn the wealth countries need to trade and maximize the difference in their balance of trade by maximizing exports that is a source of generating revenue and minimize imports that cost it to pay. There were two types of manufacturers; one who were export oriented and others who were domesticated with their products. Export oriented manufacturers favored the mercantilist approach and believed in subsidies, tax rebates etc. to increase their sales to foreign countries. But the domestic manufacturers foresee threats to their produces and wanted tariff quotas and stringent policies to restrict the trade. This mercantilist theory was before Adam Smith's. Then came the theory of absolute advantage; according to Adam Smith countries should export goods in which they have an absolute advantage and import other goods from countries that have absolute advantage in producing them i.e. goods in which they are more productive. Adam Smith's criticism to Mercantilists approach was that it confused the accumulation of treasure with the accumulation of wealth. The gold and silver that the country holds is not the wealth of the country. Wealth of a country according to him is measured by the wealth that the nationals of the country hold. And thus use the term absolute advantage to compare the productivity of people with other people, firms with other firms or between nations. The contemporary of Adam Smith was David Ricardo, who gave the concept of comparative advantage; according to Ricardo if there is no difference in productivity then there is no absolute advantage and hence no trade will take place amongst countries. There are some subtle and slight differences among the absolute and the comparative advantage theories, but it is important to take into account the differences. Firstly, as the term absolute and the comparative in the name themselves suggests that Adam Smith's theory takes absolute measures of productivity to compare and David Ricardo's relative measures to compare the productivity amongst the nations. Therefore if absolute productivity is same then trade should not occur according to Adam Smith but Ricardo suggests that it is important to look at the relative productivity for the trade to occur or not. Adam Smith's trade theory does not incorporate any differences that might arise from the different use of technology or probably the difference in the combination of the labor or capital input used. David Ricardo's model has an inherent assumption and a more practical approach that tells that countries differ in their usage of production technologies such that obviously one country will be more productive in use of its resources than the other. And therefore if both the countries specialize in their production areas then output for both the countries can increase. This increase in output would be because of enhanced productivity even when no more inputs are put into the production process. Then countries can contract between themselves and trade goods that are there specialty i.e. import products in which other country specializes and export in which it has its specialization. Then both countries can benefit from one another. Adam Smith's absolute